Mary Willie Grace Moore

Mary Willie Grace Moore

Female 1898 - 1947  (48 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

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  • Name Mary Willie Grace Moore 
    Born 5 Dec 1898  Slabtown, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Occupation Singer, Actress 
    Died 26 Jan 1947 
    Cause: Plane crash near the Copenhagen, Denmark airport on January 26, 1947 
    Buried Chattanooga, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Grace Moore (December 5, 1898 - January 26, 1947) was an American operatic soprano and Academy Award-nominated actress in musical theatre and film, nicknamed the "Tennessee Nightingale." Her films helped to popularize opera by bringing it to a larger audience.
      Early life

      Moore was born Mary Willie Grace Moore to Richard Lawson Moore and Jane (née Stokely) Moore in the community of Slabtown (now considered part of Del Rio) in Cocke County, Tennessee. The family relocated to Jellico, Tennessee when she was a child. After high school in Jellico, she studied briefly at Ward-Belmont College in Nashville[1] before moving to Washington, D.C. and New York City to continue her musical training and begin her career.[1]

      Career

      Musical theatre
      Grace Moore monument in Jellico, Tennessee.

      Grace Moore's first Broadway appearance was in the 1920 musical Hitchy-Koo, starring Raymond Hitchcock and written by Jerome Kern. In 1922 and 1923 she appeared in the second and third of Irving Berlin's series of four Music Box Revues. In the 1923 edition she and John Steel introduced Berlin's song "What'll I Do". When Moore sang "An Orange Grove in California," orange blossom perfume was wafted through the theater.[2]

      In 1932 she appeared on Broadway in the short-lived operetta The DuBarry by Karl Millöcker.

      Opera

      After training in France, Moore made her operatic debut at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City on February 7, 1928, singing the role of Mimì in Giacomo Puccini's La bohème. She debuted at the Opera-Comique in Paris on September 29, 1928 in the same role, which she also performed in a royal command performance at Covent Garden in London on June 6, 1935. During her sixteen seasons with the Metropolitan Opera, she sang in several Italian and French operas as well as the title roles in Tosca, Manon, and Louise. Louise was her favorite opera and is widely considered to have been her greatest role (a scene of Moore singing an aria from this opera can be seen at YouTube).

      In the 1930s and 1940s she gave concert performances throughout the United States and Europe, performing a repertoire of operatic selections and other songs in German, French, Italian, Spanish, and English. During World War II she was active in the USO, entertaining American troops abroad.[3]

      Film
      Historical marker noting Moore's birthplace in Del Rio, Tennessee

      Attracted to Hollywood in the early years of "talking pictures," Moore's first screen role was as Jenny Lind in the 1930 film A Lady's Morals, produced for MGM by Irving Thalberg and directed by Sidney Franklin.[4] Later that same year she starred with the Metropolitan Opera singer Lawrence Tibbett in the first screen version of Sigmund Romberg's operetta The New Moon, also produced by MGM.

      After a hiatus of several years, Moore returned to Hollywood under contract to Columbia Pictures, for whom she made six films. In the 1934 film One Night of Love, her first film for Columbia, she portrayed a small-town girl who aspires to sing opera. For that role she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress in 1935. She played similar roles in several other films. A memorable highlight of When You're in Love (1937) was a comic scene in which Moore donned flannel shirt and trousers and joined a 5-man band for a flamboyant rendition of Cab Calloway's "Minnie the Moocher," complete with gestures and "hi-de-ho's", but with the lyrics slightly altered to conform with Hollywood sensibilities.[5] Also, she performed the popular Madama Butterfly duet "Vogliatemi Bene" with American tenor Frank Forest in the 1937 film I'll Take Romance.

      The last film that Moore made was Louise (1938), an abridged version of Gustave Charpentier's opera of the same name, with spoken dialog in place of some of the original opera's music. The composer participated in the production, authorizing the cuts and changes to the libretto, coaching Moore, and advising director Abel Gance. This production also featured two renowned French singers: dramatic tenor Georges Thill and basse cantante André Pernet.[6]

      Controversy

      She was widely criticized in December 1938 when, in Cannes, she curtsied to Wallis, The Duchess of Windsor (who was not royalty, and therefore not entitled to a curtsy).[7] Upon her return to the United States after six months and ten days in Europe ("to save money in income tax"), Moore defended her curtsy, saying:

      She would have been a royal duchess long ago if she had not been an American. After all, she gave happiness and the courage of his convictions to one man, which is more than most women can do. She deserves a curtsy for that alone.[8]

      Honors

      In 1935 Moore received the gold medal award of the Society of Arts and Sciences for "conspicuous achievement in raising the standard of cinema entertainment." In 1936 the king of Denmark awarded her his country's medal of 'Ingenito et Arti.' In 1937, she was commissioned as a colonel (an honorary position) on the staff of the governor of Tennessee, and was also made a life member of the Tennessee State Society of Washington, D.C. She was decorated as a chevalier of the French Légion d'honneur in 1939.[3]

      Personal life

      Moore married Valentín Parera, a Spanish movie actor, in Cannes, France, on July 15, 1931. They had no children. During the 1930s they maintained homes in Hollywood, Cannes, and Connecticut.

      Moore published an autobiography, You're Only Human Once, in 1944.

      Death

      Grace Moore died in a plane crash near the Copenhagen, Denmark airport on January 26, 1947, at the age of 48. Among the other plane crash victims was Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden, who was at the time second in line to the Swedish throne and who was the father of the present King of Sweden, King Carl XVI Gustaf. She is buried in Chattanooga, Tennessee.

      Moore's life story was made into a movie, So This is Love, in 1953, starring North Carolina-born singer Kathryn Grayson. A collection of her papers is housed at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville. [1]
    Person ID I2048  Extended Families of Childress
    Last Modified 21 Apr 2019 

    Father Richard Lawson Moore,   b. NC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Tessie Jane Stokely,   b. 1880, Cocke County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1950  (Age 70 years) 
    Family ID F715  Group Sheet

    Family Valentin Parera,   b. 1895,   d. 1986  (Age 91 years) 
    Last Modified 21 Apr 2019 
    Family ID F716  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Chattanooga, Tennessee Link to Google Earth
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  • Photos
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    Videos
    Grace Moore
    Grace Moore
    Lover Come Back to Me 1931
    Grace Moore
    Grace Moore
    Sings - VISSI D'ARTE - 1934 Film Clip

  • Sources 
    1. [S40] Wikipedia.